Preserve your health

Sources: Information based mainly on Country Watch, Inc. and Center for Disease Control and Prevention Link
Own elaboration.

Thailand is a tropical country and if you are not adapted to this environment, you should be careful to minimize the risks.

¬Ľ To begin with, for¬†all travellers, pay close attention to all the information you collect about¬†food¬†and¬†water¬†consumption, as well as the protection against¬†mosquito¬†bites. These are the principal vectors in the transmission of diseases.
Also strengthen healthy habits such as washing hands before eating, wearing sunglasses and staying well hydrated.

¬Ľ Secondly.¬†In particular, you must take into account your¬†personal family circumstances such as the ages, the¬†itinerary¬†and the¬†activities planned. The more or less clear colour of your skin, possible allergies or activities in the jungle, for example, may require specific cautions.

¬Ľ It is also essential to¬†travel comfortably, and that means¬†different ways¬†of doing so. Some people feel more comfortable with the highest degree of protection possible, both with preventive measures and on the ground, while others prefer to be more flexible.
Many measures are optional, so you should decide about them, but always after obtaining reliable information and advice from sanitary experts.

¬Ľ Although it is infrequent if you find yourself in a¬†situation¬†that you do¬†not see clear, with a taxi driver, with a policeman, with someone who approaches you.¬†Avoid confrontation, pay what you owe and go.
Have the emergency phone number of your embassy handy, just in case.

¬Ľ And, finally, remember that when you really have to be attentive,¬†prudent, is when you move by car,¬†motorbike¬†or any other means of transport.

Health Information

¬Ľ What is really important is to have the¬†right information¬†to make the¬†best decisions.

¬Ľ Visit the¬†doctor¬†or the Health authority at least¬†4-6 weeks before¬†the start of¬†the trip¬†so that the vaccines that can be administered to take effect.

To enter the country, only a yellow fever vaccination certificate is mandatory if you come from some countries of Central/South America and sub-Saharan Africa. Detailed countries here Link. There is no risk of yellow fever in Southeast Asia.

¬Ľ If for health reasons any of the¬†medications¬†you take contains or may contain any components that may be considered¬†narcotic, it must be accompanied by the corresponding¬†medical prescription¬†that justifies its use.

¬Ľ¬†Food¬†and¬†waterborne¬†diseases are the number one¬†cause¬†of¬†illness¬†in travelers.

¬Ľ Malaria, Japanese Encephalitis and other diseases are spread by mosquitoes, which also happens in this region.

¬Ľ¬†Travelers‚Äô diarrhoea¬†can be caused by viruses, bacterias or parasites, which are found throughout the region and can contaminate¬†food¬†or¬†water.

¬Ľ¬†Infections¬†may cause diarrhoea and vomiting [E.coli, Salmonella, cholera, and parasites], fever [typhoid fever and toxoplasmosis], or liver damage [hepatitis]. Make sure your¬†food¬†and¬†drinking¬†water are safe.

List of possible vaccines (

¬Ľ¬†Malaria¬†is a preventable infection that can be fatal if left untreated. Prevent disease by taking prescription¬†antimalarial drugs¬†and protecting yourself against¬†mosquito¬†bites.
Malaria risk in this region exists all year in some areas.

¬Ľ¬†Swimming¬†in¬†freshwater¬†(except in well-chlorinated pools) in certain areas of Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines and Thailand could lead to schistosomiasis infection.

¬Ľ Some¬†vaccines¬†are only advisable in¬†special cases, in which it is necessary to assess the characteristics and duration of the trip, the sanitary conditions of the country of destination, the age and the clinical situation of the traveller individually.

¬Ľ Because motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury among travellers, walk and drive defensively.¬†Avoid travel at night if possible and always use seat belts.

What you need to bring

¬Ľ¬†Long-sleeved¬†shirt and long pants to wear while outside whenever possible, to prevent illnesses carried by insects.

¬Ľ¬†Insect repellent¬†containing DEET (diethyl-methyl toluamide), in 30-35% strength for adults and 6-10% for children.

¬Ľ Antidiarrheal¬†medicine to take if you have diarrhoea.

¬Ľ¬†Iodine¬†tablets and water filters to purify water if¬†bottled water¬†is¬†not available.

¬Ľ Sunblock, sunglasses and a hat.

¬Ľ¬†Prescription medications: make sure you have enough to last during your trip, as well as a copy of the prescription.

It’s easy to find open pharmacies in large and medium-sized towns of Thailand, so knowing the active principle of the medicines will be possible to buy them without any problem, except if they require a medical prescription.

To stay healthy

¬Ľ¬†Wash hands¬†often with soap and water.

¬Ľ Drink only¬†bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles. Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes.

¬Ľ¬†Take precautions¬†when eating¬†food¬†purchased from¬†street vendors¬†and be aware of the¬†risk.

¬Ľ If you visit an area where there is a risk for malaria, take your¬†malaria prevention¬†medication before, during, and after travel, as directed (See your doctor for a prescription.)

¬Ľ¬†Protect¬†yourself¬†from insects¬†by remaining in well-screened areas, using repellents (applied sparingly at 4-hour intervals), and wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants from dusk through dawn.

¬Ľ To prevent fungal and parasitic infections, keep¬†feet clean¬†and dry, and¬†do not go barefoot.

¬Ľ Always use latex¬†condoms¬†to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

¬Ľ Be very¬†careful¬†when¬†handling animals¬†(especially monkeys, dogs, and cats), to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague).

After returning home

If you have visited an area where there is a risk for malaria, continue taking your malaria medication weekly for four weeks after you leave the area.

If you become ill after travel-even as long as a year after your trip-tell your doctor the areas you have visited.

Preserve your health
Article Name
Preserve your health
Information, advice and links of interest to help you to preserve the health of your family on your trip to Thailand.
Publisher Name
Manuel Francisco Jalón

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